IMPLEMENTATION STAGE – VINIYOG (विनियोग)
ONLY YOG – (केवल योग) THE ENDLESS
ULTIMATE FOR ALL ‘UltimatES’
IMPLEMENTATION STAGE – STAGE OF VINIYOG (विनियोग)
(SUTRA III-4) – TRAYAMEKATRA SANYAM
(SUTRA III-4) – त्रयमेकत्र संयमः
“Combination of three concepts i.e. DHARNA, DHYAN and SAMADHI is called SANYAM”.
(SUTRA III-5) – TAJJAYAT PRAGYA ALOK
(SUTRA III-5) – तज्जयात प्रज्ञाऽऽलोकः
“SANYAM leads to the discovery of a principle responsible for creation and its rhythmic functioning known as PRAGYA”.
(SUTRA III-6) – TASYA BHUMISHU VINIYOG
(SUTRA III-6) – तस्य भूमिषु विनियोगः
“The principle so discovered can be applied to any branch of knowledge”.
It is the combination only of DHARNA, DHYAN and SAMADHI known as SANYAM that leads to that insight (ALOK आलोक) of understanding of some principle of rhythmic functioning (PRAGYA प्रज्ञा) that Patanjali had exhorted to be accepted in the very first stage of PREPARATION only of his YOGIC PROCESS.. Having discovered some principle of PRAGYA it is time to apply it and test its efficacy. This principle is from the realms of SABIJ knowledge. Its application can be in various areas of NIRBIJ knowledge only resulting into various inventions. These areas of engagement have already been explained earlier under EXECUTION STAGE – CONCEPT OF SANYAM. Patanjali calls this application as VINIYOG (विनियोग) and asserts that this principle is true for any branch of knowledge. Obviously this exercise also has got to be flawless. To be so we must follow the same sequence as under:-
• Determination of the area of engagement which is from NIRBIJ knowledge
• Application – it leads to further improvement in inventions
Since the area of engagement is NIRBIJ knowledge Patanjali makes the distinction between SABIJ and NIRBIJ clear by defining the types of efforts put in for both. Patanjali qualifies the efforts put in the forms of DHARNA, DHYAN and SAMADHI in case of SABIJ area of engagement as internal (ANTRANG अन्तरंग).
(SUTRA III-7) – TRAYAMANTARANGAM PURVEBHYA
(सूत्र III-7) – त्रयमन्तरंगम पूर्वेभ्यः
In case of NIRBIJ area of engagement he qualifies the same efforts as external (BAHIRANG बहिरंग) in the next sutra.
(SUTRA III-8) – TADAPI BAHIRANGAM NIRBIJASYA
(सूत्र III-8) – तदपि बहिरंगम निर्बीजस्य
The use of the words internal and external for efforts is, therefore, quite significant for understanding the terms SABIJ and NIRBIJ areas of engagements. For any achievement in SABIJ area of engagement the efforts in the form of YAM (यम) and NIYAM (नियम) are a promise of practice of DOS’ (ABHYAS अभ्यास) and DONTS’ (VAIRAGYA वैराग्य) to self only. Hence these are internal, pointed inward, invisible or ANTRANG (अन्तरंग). But for the aim of some achievement in NIRBIJ area of engagement or invention it must be known to all and seen by all that your efforts are based on non-violence (अहिंसा), truth (सत्य), non-stealing (अस्तेय), non-hoarding (अपरिग्रह) and increasing of potentials (ब्रह्मचर्य). Such efforts are, therefore, external, outward bound, visible or BAHIRANG (बहिरंग) in yogic terms. It is a declared promise to all. In recent history there are examples of Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, J P NARAYAN and Anna Hazare who practically created history against all odds by promising non-violence alone in their efforts.