Wednesday, February 8, 2012





YOG is an unending process of knowing. It is unending because:
• The knowledge is inexhaustible.
• The process keeps on repeating itself.


The knowledge is inexhaustible (NETI NETI नेति नेति) and it has to be found out. It can be found out because it is complete and was always so (PURNAMADAH PURNAMIDAM पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदम्). For human beings, this is the only pastime and this is the only vocation. We can’t help finding out as it is the symptom (LAKSHAN लक्षण) of our stage (AWASTHA अवस्था) of existence as per LAW OF APARINAMI (अपरिणामी). Human beings exist in three stages known as MANOVRITTI (मनोवृत्ति), SATTVA (सत्त्व) and PURUSH (पुरुष) and all these have a common symptom of finding out. They must find out why and how. There are four areas of knowledge, in fact the only possible areas that have been exhorted to be found out by the four Vedas and these are:
• Knowledge about self (ATMGYAN आत्मज्ञान)
• Knowledge about the entire creation (BRAHMGYAN ब्रह्मज्ञान)
• Methods of finding out
• Methods of practical application (व्यवहारिक नैतिकता )
The above areas are so exhaustive that one can spend the entire life in finding out and will still know the infinitesimal fraction only as expressed by Newton that he was like a small child playing with pebbles at the shores while the vast ocean lie unexplored in front of him.


The YOGIC process keeps on repeating itself. The same steps of preparation, planning, execution and implementation have to be followed every time irrespective of the DHARNA being either from the SABIJ (सबीज) or NIRBIJ (निर्बीज) areas of research. In implementation stage we have to follow the three earlier stages. Every time some new principle or new invention will be the result.


The process of finding out at MANOVRITTI and SATTVA stages is also unending but it does not pass the tests of reliability and validity. It is full of flaws. That’s why we keep on switching over from one good judgment to another. YOG is the only process of finding out at PURUSH stage which is impeccably faultless, reliable and valid. It can, therefore, be considered the ultimate in human thought. This process was designed by the unknown authors of VEDAS for the simple reason of climbing Mt Everest because “it is there”. Since the knowledge is there and it is fait accompli for human beings to find it, they concluded that human beings can find it out in a flawless way as well. Otherwise, the humanity will continue finding and using knowledge for destructive purposes only and still keeping itself under the illusion of doing something constructive. Patanjali is considered to be the interpreter of YOG as he encoded the concept from Vedas in the form of 195 sutras in his treatise YOGSHASTRA. Patanjali took every conceivable precaution to present his findings in a way so that he is not misinterpreted. He chose the words with utmost care, defined them, explained them and gave the reasons of misinterpretation. But his reasons given under MANOVRITTI stage of human beings proved to be more scientific than his presentation and till date he is being misinterpreted with his authority only. It will continue to be so and the reason will always be given that structure wise Patanjali sutras are pithy and grammatically incomplete sentences. This explains their enigmatic nature and licentious interpretations. These are succinct statements expressing an opinion or a general truth and this aphoristic nature is generally lost sight of in such interpretations and unreliable arbitrariness takes over. YOG as flawless method of finding out or indulging into any activity must have been the result of umpteen unreliable methods pursued earlier. It has to be a process demanding the utmost effort (PURUSHARTH पुरुषार्थ) – perhaps an effort appearing to be impossible for the human beings as it is much more than the combined efforts of the MANOVRITTI (मनोवृत्ति) and SATTVA (सत्त्व) stages of human existence. At these stages the efforts and the results become vitiated due to perverted logic born out of greed, anger and attachment. All such efforts have resulted into exploitation and the humanity is fragmented into varieties of class, caste, creed and race and we justify these divisions either through dogmas of religion or as evolutionary steps of civilization where we outsmart the fellow denizen on the basis of self defined sweet sounding criteria of intelligence, success, motivation, valor, charity, rights and forms of governance etc. At PURUSH stage the functioning agency is CHITT (चित्त) and for this it is an effortless automatic function. It is like fish taking to water. The efforts are not vitiated as the objectives are based on non-violence, truth, non-stealing, non-hoarding and preservation and addition to the existing potentials. This dichotomy of impossible efforts and effortlessness for human beings but in reality representing two different stages of human existence was somehow fused together by the spiritualistic explanations and bizarre methodologies of YOGA for the western world and various assorted types of YOG for home consumption came into circulation. It also gave birth to too many misconceptions and intentional bluffs. These varieties propagate a kind of mysticism that replaces efforts with easy to perform rituals decreed as the highest forms of rigor leading to some imaginary miraculous achievements. Obviously it attracts all and sundry. In the process even this fact is forgotten that there is no shortcut to hard work. It is strange that the entire humanity is under the spell of the spiritualistic interpretations which are the twisted versions of the scientific truths as contained in the Vedas. Patanjali Yog is the only philosophy with humanity that has deliberated intentionally to design a unique method that shuns unreliability and invalidity and considers exploitation of any kind as a definite flaw and endeavors to lead human beings from darkness to light. How?

तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय

This is a hymn from RIG VED. I can move from darkness to light if I understand the meanings of darkness and light. Otherwise, I may continue to be in darkness and consider it light. That’s exactly what humanity is doing. Patanjali has defined many terms under KLESH, KARM, VIPAK, ASHAY, AVIDYA, RAG etc that he considers darkness as discussed in Vedas. He has also defined light in many terms like PRAGYA, VIVEK and KAIVALYA. Besides, he has also hinted at the signs of darkness exhorting complete absence of nine impediments in the term ANTRAYABHAV (अंतरायाभाव) while discussing CHITT VIKSHEP (चित्त विक्षेप). Having known “darkness” and “light” the hymn now acquires additional meanings involving supreme efforts. I must consider it my duty to destroy the paths leading to darkness and must preserve the paths based on light if I intend treading the paths leading to light. Not only this, I have to create new paths based on light and leading to light and should know it fully well that these paths are subject to destruction and protection by the coming generations as part of their duty as I was given the freedom to act by my predecessors as per this hymn. Nothing could be more exhaustive to describe the concept of freedom of thought; not even our present day cherished thoughts about democracy that appear to be so lame. Now, if instead of above analysis I am coerced into fear of accepting this hymn as a prayer to God to lead me unto light, it amounts to negation of efforts and depending upon the superimposed words God and prayer only to do the needful. Similarly if the scientific concept of ISHWAR PRANIDHAN that is ever presence of knowledge is explained as “faith in all powerful god is all that you need” – is a kind of darkness that must be destroyed. It is my duty to destroy the myth of fate, the preordained concepts (VIDHI KA VIDHAN विधि का विधान) as the explanation of the LAW OF APARINAMI and COMPLETENESS. That’s this entire hymn means and it requires not only immense effort but selfless indomitable courage also and inculcation of that should be the fundamental of any education process.

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